Hemophilia is a rare bleeding disorder when blood doesn't clot normally. People with hemophilia bleed for a longer time than a normal person after an injury. They also sometimes, instead of having a bruise, bleed internally. Internal bleeding often occur at joints like knees, ankles and elbows.

Hemophilia usually occurs with males. Females may carry this disease and then transmitted to their child.


So What Causes It?

Hemophilia is a disease which is passed on genetically. Even if someone doesn't has this disease, they may be the carrier of it. This disease has nothing to do with what you eat, what you do.
Hemophilia is when clotting factors of a person is low or missing. There are two main types of Hemophilia.
One type is Hemophilia A is when clotting factor VIII is low or missing. Nine out of ten people who have Hemophilia has this type.
Another type of hemophilia is Hemophilia B, this is when the clotting factor IX is missing from the body. Compared to Hemophilia A, less people has this type.
For people who have severe hemophilia, they have possibilities of bleeding to death.

The Symptoms

For young children, their first sign would be when they're baby teeth cuts through the gum. Sometimes, it is shown after bumps and falls when they start learning to walk.
For some older children and adults are nosebleeds which have no reason for, blood in urine from the bleeding in the kidneys or bladders, bleeding in the mouth when a teeth comes off as it is ready to be replaced.


The main treatment for hemophilia is called the Replacement Therapy. Concentrations of clotting factors VIII or IX (depending on your hemophilia type) is injected into a vein. This helps replace the clotting factors which are missing or low. These clotting factors can be made from donated human blood. The blood has to be treated specially so that diseases do not spread from it, but, with the current technology, there is still a very small chance of getting diseases from clotting factors

There is another treatment which can be used to prevent bleeding. This replacement is called Preventive or Prophylactic Therapy. This drug is given to patients who have hemophilia before a surgery to prevent bleeding. For some people, they prefer to have Demand Therapy because compare to other treatments this is less expensive.

The Demand Therapy is used to stop bleeding after an injury. Although his treatment is less expensive and less intensive, using therapy puts on a bigger risk for patients. This is because the bleeding of the patient may have already done great damage to the body before this treatment can be given.