Raynaud’s Syndrome

THe common and Scientific name for this disease

The common name for this disease is Raynaud’s Phenomenon. Although over time the name Raynaud’s syndrome has become the common name used to describe it.

raynauds_phenom.jpg What causes it?

Doctors are still unaware of the initial cause of the raynauds sydrome and have not yet discovered anything about the primary and secondary causes of it. So far we are aware that blood vessels in the hands and feet overreact to either cold temperature or stress, which causes the breakout of this color change. This disease affects blood vessels in the ears, fingers, nose, and toes. The initial color changes of the skin are due to the blood vessels narrowing because of the spasm of tiny muscles.

The main causes include: exposure to cold temperatures. Your body will slow down the blood supply that leafs to your finger tips and toes. The blood flow is changed by narrowing the small arteries under the skin. People with Raynaud's Syndrome tend to react in an exaggerated mann when they are attacked. Stress also causes a similar reaction as it does to cold temperate.

When one suffers of raynaud’s syndrome the arteries to your finger and toes go into what is called a spasm. Your blood vessels narrow dramatically and there are limits to your blood supply.
The result of these conditions is that your skin turns pale and dusky due to the lack of blood in this area. Once these ‘spasms’ go away the blood returns to its normal cycle althugh it may remain red before recovering back to the usual color.

What are the symptoms? How long do they last? Is it deadly?
This disease is very serious and is not just about having cold hands or toes and not at all like frost bite. The fingers turn hard and numb and the nerves have ‘died off’ for a short amount of time.
The symptoms are affected by the frequency and the duration that your body lies under this stress of cool temperature. The symptoms include: cold fingers and toes, color changes in the skin as a response to cold temperature and stress as well as a numb, prickly feeling upon warming or relief of stress. A stinging feeling may come after the spasm has normalized.

This disease is not deadly.

Can it be cured? If so, how? If not, is there any way that we can at least treat it?

A mild case of this disease does not require direct treatment, although this may change. The spasms may occur more often and this syndrome will start to break out during stress too.
Still there is no direct cure to this disease, however a treatment may have the ability to reduce the number of attacks. These treatment include natural lifestyle changes, medicine and ( very rarely ) a surgery is necessary. Timely treatment can help prevent permanent color changes or damages to these areas.
The main important treatment for this syndrome is simply just staying out of cold and avoiding the natural triggers that your body may undergo.


The following video shows a short reaction to cold temperature. A short beginning introduction to the way that a person will react are to be seen here.

By:Charlotte Koehler